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Gormley and Bandwagons: Here Comes the Knight

That Wokeist bandwagon has come skidding around the corner again like Charlton Heston’s chariot with Dr Quack there holding the reins and cracking the whip across the buttocks of white stallions four abreast. As usual Banksy is trying to swing himself aboard on one side while on the other, sweating like a pig, bounces that big-mouthed Chinaman wearing a life jacket. But what is this, what have we here, there at the back covered in dust grasping at the flatbed … It’s Gormless crying “Let me on! Let me on! I’ll say anything you like but please let me on”.

And so it is that you can’t keep a good (or even a bad or an indifferent) Buddhist Media Tart down for long. Gormless has popped up, this time to give his support for returning the Acropolis sculptures to Greece. He kept his opinions to himself while he was a Trustee of the BM but now, his conscience having pricked him, oh yes, he can come clean and tell it as it is and grandstand to the Woke gallery. Curious how he seems to believe his opinion worth listening to on every subject. Of course this won’t have been anything to do with his being allowed to exhibit his toy soldiers all over a Greek island covered with classical remains. But there’s more. Being more Woke than the most ardent Wokeist, apart from shipping out Phidias (and what a second-rate sculptor he was compared to our resident lama) he wants Africa to be given prominence in the British Museum displays with a concomitant reduction in the emphasis accorded the Classical wonders of the world. As politely as they could manage, the BM told him to piss off and mind his own business.

Of course Buddhists, for whom silence is a virtue (think Grasshopper Caine in Kung Fu), are supposed not to subscribe to the sort of conceit that offers opinions on every subject. Obviously in Gormless’s case these trifles merely slipped out like drool between Om Manis while he wasn’t in full control of his mouth.

On the same subject, the April issue of Apollo, which in days gone by was a serious paper of researched historical material instead of a State Art lackey, features a long interview with Gormless. Do we really need yet another interview with him? Look at the work. Does it really warrant such continued adulation?

Damien Hirst: Another Bandwagon

Never one to miss out on a trendy bandwagon, Dick Flasher is flogging giclée prints of cherry blossoms painted with his own fair hand – he’s a dab hand at cherry blossoms is our Dick … load a big brush with pink and dab dab dab. He’s doing them as a special favour to the world at four grand a pop in exchange for crypto-currency. He’s been on to this idea, he claims, for five years. Reaching up to his full height of close to five feet, Dick announced to anyone who would listen: “It explores and challenges the concept of value through money and Art. The whole project is an artwork, and anyone who buys “The Currency” will participate in this work. It’s not just about owning it. It is the most exciting project I have ever worked on by far.” He’s a grand lad is Dick. “Challenging the concept of value through money and Art…” Well, there’s a new one.

Does anyone else notice the similarity of his statements to those by Gormless? It’s all that ‘exploring’ and ‘challenging’ … somehow it never quite rings true. You’d have to be a cretin to fall for it. [Perhaps they employ the same ventriloquist. Ed]

Manchester Wall

Concrete Doggerel

A graffito scribbled on a wall in Manchester’s Piccadilly Gardens is to be preserved in the art gallery. It was sprayed on a piece of ‘civic design’, also known as a long block of concrete, erected by Japanese architect Tadeo Ando, one of global State Art’s finest. [I’ve walked past that hundreds of times. I wondered what the hell it was and I didn’t miss it when they demolished it. If I’d known it was art I’d have, er, well, you know… Ed] Manchester’s male art lovers liked it so much they urinated affectionately against it while considering the subtle amplitude of its form on their way to the last bus home. As you can see above it is an architectural gem and could only have been dreamed up by the imaginative power of a stellar genius. The wall was part of a concrete ‘pavilion’ intended to ‘upgrade’ the gardens. Previously, for decades it had been an open square with geometrical pathways interspersed with flower beds. This was turned into something so instantly ugly it defied belief that anyone with eyes could possibly have approved the design. Truly, you have to see it to realise how awful it is. It was only built in 2002 and, within a matter of months, the local council were itching to demolish it. But then the same city approved in the docks a new Imperial Museum North building by Daniel Libeskind. This was not just brazenly unfit for purpose but ugly to boot. Both are classic examples of drafting in foreign architects with more interest in their careers than in what is satisfying or useful to a local population.

The council are now considering spending another £10 million in order to make Piccadilly attractive. We await what enormity arts panjandrums blackmail them with this time around. They could do a lot worse than revert to what it was before, with flowerbeds, trees and forms for people to sit on. It was unimaginative, as municipal gardening tends to be with its alternate pansies and primulas, but it wasn’t actively repellent. The ‘pavilion’, needless to say, is deemed important by the State Art mob, because  (compelling argument) it is the only work in Britain by Ando, who is considered a veritable Callicrates among 20th century builders.

The graffito, by the way, read: “The North is not a petri dish”. Crucially, this dazzling aperçu was written by a transgender person, albeit one of considerable ignorance. [Subs to fill in correct pronoun] believes the north has always been treated as backward, when of course we all know that Manchester was and still is the cradle of scientific progress. They are showing salvaged bits of the rubble in the City Art Gallery. Transgender … scrupulously artless work … an ill-informed slogan … anti-Government … the dim curators will be gagging at the prospect of exhibiting such an Abu Simbel moment in the history of modern culture.

Courtauld Galleries Renamed

Lord Professor Dr Sir Leonard Blavatnik VC GC MC OM CH CBE OBE MBE has donated £10 million to the Courtauld Gallery towards its restoration. When it reopens the galleries will be named after him; the Blavatnik Fine Rooms, which, of course, are really only ‘fine’ because of the great pictures they contain. Tate Modern’s extension is also named after him ­ – clearly his aim is a royal flush. Some people – we are not among them – don’t like Dodgy Lennie and are suspicious of his philanthropy; indeed, he has threatened action against those who so much as call him a friend of Mr Putin. According to the Guardian, who are wrong about absolutely everything, he persuaded BP to invest in Russian oil, BP eventually having to sell out because of constant harassment and obstruction. Blavatnik maintains his innocence – Moi? – in this fuss. BP’s Russian assets were bought by Rosneft, the Russian national oil and gas company, which is not in the least, in any shape or form, now or ever, a cash cow for the man who is not among Lennie’s friends.

Somewhat of a stab in the back for Samuel Courtauld, don’t ya think, who bought all those memorable pictures and gave them to us. Then, ding-a-ling, along comes someone with a bucket of plaster, a few fire doors, half a dozen sprinklers and some double glazing and it’s hard-cheese-Sam-don’t-call-us. There’s gratitude for you.

But let us make this perfectly crystal clear from the outset, and in no uncertain terms, so there can be not even a hint of a misunderstanding. At the end of the day in the final analysis the bottom line is that Lennie does not have any connection in any way shape or form, and has never met or been acquainted or done financial deals with the man whose face gets smoother every time you see it and wouldn’t dream of sanctioning the murder of Russian nationals abroad. If he passed him in the street he wouldn’t know Vlad from Adam even if he was carrying a placard with his name on it. These are malicious calumnies not to be repeated … or you might wake up one morning groaning with your balls in your mouth.

The Great Big Malteser

Our Buddhist For All Seasons is back. He couldn’t stand being sidelined any longer so he’s devised a plan for an exhibition. He’s asking people to make an ‘artwork’ and put it in their window so passers-by (during their essential weekly trips to Lidl, you understand) can look up and say ‘Oooh it’s literally one of them like artwork things innit’. “At a time when all the theatres and galleries are shut it is wonderful to somehow tap into the extraordinary reservoirs of creativity in the country and celebrate the diversity of range and thought and feelings that exist,” droned the blue-rinsed tart. “I don’t like this Greylag Perry person thing getting all the publicity. It’s not fair. I’m first me.” Reverting to his usual bollocks, he added “We want to let the inner animal out. People will find their inner animal… it could be a whale or a dinosaur.”

As an example of his own ‘inner animal’ the copiously medalled latter-day Rodin produced this, right… He rolled it into a ball all by himself.

Hockney at the Royal Academy Again and Again

There will be yet another ’Ockney exhibition at the Royal Academy from – in theory – March 27th to August 22nd. Taking in late June, as it will, the Adlestrop Specials are already being laid on, steam hissing, bees buzzing, blackbirds singing…

Can’t they really think of anything or anyone else? This latest manifestation of The Skipper is called ‘The Arrival of Spring: Normandy 2020’. Perhaps Monet will be persuaded to open the show in exchange for carte blanche at Specsavers.

The work looks appalling. It’s the sort of twee, slightly cackhanded, outlined approach to Nature you’d find hanging slightly aslant on the pegboard in a Herefordshire framer’s window.

Meanwhile, the ‘Greatest Living Painter’ (bar none) has appointed a curator from the Royal Academy as his permanent manager and personal curator. She’ll need to carry a Zippo with spare flints, thrive on passive smoking and tell whoppers of the complimentary kind he obviously likes to hear from his doting entourage.

Gong Fishing

Artists Receiving Medals

Artists awarded gongs for being artists, part 79: Christopher Le Brun was given a knighthood for heaven only knows what; Michael Landy got a CBE for whatever; Denzil Forrester got a measly MBE [He should post it back as an insult. If Landy’s worth a CBE Forrester should be in the Lords. Ed]. Architect Jimmy Chipperfield was given a CH for bland buildings i.e. doing his job. Stephen Deuchars, Art Fund boss, was also given a Sir for having, well, hung on and stuck at it. A potter called Jennifer Lee, got an OBE for services to ceramics i.e. being a potter. Her pots are very elegant and simple, but so what? The honours system in the visual arts seems to be one in which officials pick names out of a hat. If the powers are short of names of truly worthy recipients, that is, those who have worked quietly behind the scenes charitably for years and for no reward, The Jackdaw could supply a dozen names tomorrow. All are a million times more deserving than a twerp like Michael Landy. 

Why is it, for example, that those artists elected to the Royal Academy automatically qualify soon afterwards for an OBE or a CBE? Why don’t they just hand over all the letters together when they are elected and save a deal of bureaucratic paper pushing? The fact is that membership of a Gentleman’s Club on Piccadilly is the easiest way to qualify for a medal, if, that is, you are conceited enough to want one in the first place. You don’t have to do anything except turn up occasionally to use the facilities and ponce about looking important, and then, in the fullness of time, have sufficient disposable cash to rent a top hat. Those who are members of the Royal Academy may once have been special but they aren’t any more. Most, especially more recent appointees, are jobbing chancers, ten a penny, startlingly unexceptional.

A medal given to an RA is an insult to those honoured for having done something genuinely worthwhile for others.

A Line in the Sand

State Art is like a virus, it knows no boundaries and spreads like wildfire. In fact, it’s worse than a virus because once it’s arrived you can’t get rid of it because there’s seemingly no cure. And there are plenty of students actually volunteering to contract it. And national boundaries are no protection for it spreads by telepathic brainwashing. This leads to many curious anomalies. Why, for example, should peoples of different cultures and traditions, all as equally rich as our own ‘western’ one, be interested in the brand names of State Art? A good example of this is currently doing the rounds. This piece (above) by Richard Serra comprises four large slabs of metal, each 45 feet high, spread over a thousand yards of a nature reserve in Qatar. A nature reserve! How could anyone in that country believe that an Arab population could possibly see and understand this as a “breathtaking national asset”. One can only conclude that the proliferation of State Art has caused a global pandemic of acute self-delusion. The reason why East/West West/East is in the news is because it’s being cleaned of graffiti. Authorities in Qatar are appalled that locals can’t understand the sculptures’ world significance. It was unveiled in 2014 and the artist hoped it would become a landmark, as if everywhere needs a landmark. Surely this is the fate of anything at all you might plonk in an expanse of desert. 

As an addict of the sweeping non-sequitur, Serra has clearly been listening in while Gormless, occupying the next hotel room, practices in front of the mirror. He said: “I attempt to use sculptural form to make space distinct… What that piece does is give you a point of reference in relationship to a line, and your upstanding relationship to a vertical plane, and infinity, and a personal relationship to a context – and pulls that context together. It makes it graspable. That’s actually a place out there now, and there certainly wasn’t one before. We did that simply by putting up four plates.”

Talk about stating the bleeding obvious. You could make the same claim for a line of telegraph poles.

Overlooking the conceit of an artist prepared to inflict his lack of imagination on a nature reserve… was it Moore or Caro who said “More often than not sculpture spoils landscape”?

Stonehenge: Back to the Stone Age

Authorities have decided to go ahead with building a two-mile tunnel under Salisbury plain to divert the A303 which currently skirts Stonehenge: cost at today’s estimates (which are certain to increase steeply) a staggering £1.7 billion. Are we really that rich? Is this really that important? Stonehenge was once wild. In the last months of 1963 a group of schoolboys could trudge up to it from across the Plain, where it looked as windswept as in Constable’s sketches and watercolours, and touch the stones. In his Natural History of Selbourne Gilbert White records how jackdaws nested in gaps between the stones and the only other people likely to be encountered were shepherd boys ‘idling around the place’.

Now the powers see the monument as a financial opportunity to charge (£23 for adults) and to sell tat to tourists who are fenced off and kept at a distance from the circle; in short, they’ve turned it into a relative of the mass entertainment industry. These powers are the same people who want to build a tunnel under some of the world’s richest, most archaeologically sensitive areas. Are there others out there who, on the long journey out west, look forward to the sudden appearance of the great stones as a pause for thought as they speed by? One can’t help concluding that the powers don’t want the public to have a free view of the stones from the road so that they’ll have to pay to see them. They’ll soon be flogging The Stonehenge Son et Lumière Experience.

Like that other barmy and absurdly expensive project, HS2, this all seems like too much cash spent unnecessarily. But then what is money when, as is common in our current Wonderland, you can simply magic it from thin air or borrow limitless quantities of the stuff? Next stop the evacuation and levelling of Avebury village both as a nuisance to full appreciation of the stones and an opportunity to build an ‘information’ centre with a grass roof where you can buy designer chutney with a handwritten label. And what about an A4 tunnel avoiding Silbury Hill and the West Kennet long barrow? At the more impressive Bronze Age monuments at Carnak in Brittany, and the Rings of Brodgar and Stenness in the Orkneys and Callanish on Lewis, visitors can still wander for miles unimpeded. [I visited Brodgar and Stenness a few years back. This special remote place is also a haven for red hares, which forage in nearby rock pools. Some of them sit a yard high. A family of these amazing creatures approached and snuffled at my trousers while I watched whimbrels poking about the stones. Ed]

Stonehenge was more pleasing when it was just there.

Campaigners opposing the tunnel are investigating starting proceedings against the Government over the legality of interfering with a World Heritage Site.

Gormley: Behold the Main Man

On their regular visits to Ramsgate our readers will have closely examined Gormless’s iron man which, in 2013, was bolted to tidal rocks outside their new Turner Gallery. The initial rental, or whatever deal was cooked up, was for five years. In 2018 the sculpture’s residency was then extended until 2020. And now a new agreement has been announced to leave the rusting mummy in place for another decade. This State Art statue of liberty has attracted millions to Whitstable where it has become a challenging and subversive icon dealing with … well, you know, all sorts of things, life and death, this and that, the final frontier, internal and external, Storeman Drang. (“Absolutely magnificent.” Alan Hansen)

Wonder what’s in it for Gormless, or could he be doing it out of the kindness of his Buddhist heart? This is not for us to know. We sent our crack editorial photographer down to Folkestone to take a flattering photograph of it, but, as you can see above, the tide was in. And by the time it went out it was too dark, so a lunchtime, afternoon and evening spent in the Admiral Rodney was wasted.

Another Gormless mummy (there’s no end of them, they breed like rabbits), this one called Work (illustrated), is being loaned to Dewsbury of all places – for those of you preferring civilisation, this is the first stop on the train from Leeds to Huddersfield and is no less than the birthplace of Lord Gormless himself. It is being placed on top of a late Victorian pile in the town centre. “Having spent a lot of my childhood in Yorkshire,” declared the great lama, “I came to love its open moors and strong communities that coexist within an open landscape.” The mayor of Dewsbury followed this with some drivel of his own announcing: “How do! Culcher is at the forefront of the town’s future vision.” Indeed.


Mary Wollstonecraft Memorial, Newington Green

A silvery bronze sculpture of pioneer feminist Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) by Maggi Hambling has been unveiled on Newington Green in north London. Revolutionary thinker Wollstonecraft lived nearby. The  £143,000 cost, which took ten years to collect, was raised by public subscription, some of which donors may now be wishing they had more productively spent their cash on drugs from dealers trading nearby. Hambling is the author of the equally tacky piece in Covent Garden dedicated to Oscar Wilde, and also that corrugated flotsam, a scallop shell apparently, on the beach at Aldeburgh to Benjamin Britten.

This one is another publicity seeking effort. How long will it take before those who make these decisions realise Hambling is no sculptor? It is hard to second guess the thinking of those who selected her for this commission Now let’s rehearse the points one by one … Yes, that’s right, all of the wrong reasons for choosing any artist. What we have is a nude woman who closely resembles one of those heroic athletes from the Soviet era. It is insulting to women to characterise them as a sideboard sports trophy. From the back it looks like a half-chewed caramel. Squirting from the top the figure is akin to the memorial of Yuri Gagarin which used to stand in the centre of Moscow, where the tiny stylised figure is launched from the end of a great arc of shiny metal – in that instance a piece of magnificent kitsch. This work isn’t just bad it’s repellent, the commemorated person deserving of so much better. Where are the anarchist statue topplers when you need them? (By the way, we didn’t really mean that.) Whatever your views of Colston as a good or bad individual his statue was a decent piece of sculpture and perhaps even the best work by the artist who made it. We prefer to think of Wollstonecraft as the original thinker presented in the Tate’s agreeable portrait of her, one of John Opie’s more memorable character studies.

The other entry considered for the commission was by Martin Jennings.

Local resident, architect Matthew Lloyd, comments:

This statue by Hambling is so very sad. Even since its unveiling it has been slated, and, yes, by the Guardian too. The Spectator has just now written about it, rather politely I thought, although in clear opposition to it.

Firstly it is ugly and badly made. The base looks like a budget graveyard memorial – and why is it not in the same material as the upper part? Then there is the middle silver blob and then this extraordinary machete of a naked woman on top. These physical and material mistakes are relatively easy to note when speaking from a design background.

What I find most regrettable is what ordinary people around here will think and say. And what are local kids – often from poor backgrounds (the very run down/notorious Shakespeare estate is next door) – supposed to make of this sculpture? Will they be able to relate it to their history lessons in any way at all? Will they not be utterly confused by its frank sexuality – instead of seeing it as a worthwhile piece of social/historical commentary? This piece will just add to the constantly confused messaging that, say, schoolgirls (given that this concerns a brave, original and radical historical figure) now have to deal with every day.

Those of us who live locally now have to put up with this object for the rest of our lives. Maggie Hambling and her commissioners will no doubt be pleased by the furore it has already caused. But this tells us more about them than it considers any response by locals. This is an over-clever, elite public installation that is unskilled and a wasted opportunity.

Colston Responses

(see Alexander Adams: Colston Statue Affair)

As a sculptor myself, I find the present wave of pulling down and damaging statues by self-appointed and censorious vigilantes sickening because I know just how much hard work goes into what is known as monumental sculpture. The Colston Statue in Bristol – and by the way my father was a Bristolian and practically all of my aunts, uncles and cousins live there and I did too for a while – is obviously contentious and there was indeed a strong case for removing it but not by undemocratic vandalism even though the Bristol Civic Authorities had failed to take account of the views of those of its citizens who felt aggrieved or humiliated by this particular sculpture. Conflating the justifiable international outrage over the murder of George Floyd along with the Black lives Matter movement with the History of Slavery is anyway a bit of a distraction (as I see it) from the need to tackle the inequality in British

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society, which although some of it is based on deep-seated racism is also based on disproportionate power and wealth and is therefore a class issue too.

A one-sided and violent attack on selected hated symbols can be divisive and it is a very slippery slope anyway. Slavery wasn’t just something that Africans endured – there were many “white” slaves too, including (for example) homeless children taken from the streets of London and sent to work in appalling conditions in the tobacco plantations in Virginia, along with convicts who weren’t all serious felons but were imprisoned because of the consequences of extreme poverty. We (i.e. the English) made slaves of the Irish too don’t forget – so with whom do you stop? Major cultural figures like for example William Shakespeare, John Donne and Edmund Spencer all had links to the ugly business of transporting unfortunates. The history of so-called civilised mankind is one of cruelty and exploitation of the weak by the more powerful, often backed up by religion. The British Empire when I was a child was shown on maps as a third of the whole world – and how did that come about?  Because we were ruthless pirates and gangsters.

It might be more grown up to acknowledge who we are and how deep our capacity for hypocrisy and dishonesty really is – I am glad that there is a statue to ‘Bomber’ Harris outside St Clement Danes in London because it points up the screaming hypocrisy of organised Christianity – it says ‘Thou shalt not Kill’ does it not and yet here is a man responsible for the killing of hundreds of thousands of German civilians – a man who ordered the most destructive raid in the whole of WW2 in Europe which wasn’t Dresden or Hamburg as most people think but the small town of Pforzheim, which because the town centre was medieval and half-timbered the RAF dropped phosphorous bombs that burnt many of its inhabitants alive – some jumped into the Nagold River but the phosphorous burning into them turned into gel which they couldn’t get off. A third of the inhabitants were killed and 82% of the buildings destroyed, so he gets a statue outside a church – that tells you all you need to know.

One last point is that our forefathers were rather good at public sculpture and they knew what a plinth was for. Some Victorian sculpture is seriously good; for example, Thomas Brock’s sculpture of the Black Prince (in Leeds City Centre) – and the Black Prince wasn’t called that for nothing. It is my considered opinion that the Royal Artillery Memorial by Sarjeant Jagger on London’s Hyde Park Corner is one of the greatest works of memorial sculpture in existence and it is powerful because of its honesty. The figure of the soldier (known as The Driver) with his back to the monument standing in an intentionally unmilitary pose gazing sardonically at the passers-by chimes with what Siegfried Sassoon had to say about the contempt the men in the trenches felt for civilians because they had not the remotest idea of the reality of the Hell that the “war to end all wars” really was… Compared to this masterpiece, unfortunately, much of contemporary commemorative sculpture is just plain awful and what is worse meaningless. If too much historical and un-PC sculpture is taken down, I hate to think what might replace it – probably something done with a computer or modelled by Madame Tussauds.

Michael Sandle RA, sculptor


It is, we believe, inevitable, without strong leadership (of which we seem to be lacking in every corner of public life) that there will be a general tendency in favour of those who shout loudest, even if they are shouting for motives which have little to do with the putative subject. Churchill’s wisdom should be carved in stone above the portals of universities, museums and other places of learning: ‘Of this I am quite sure, if we open a quarrel between the past and the present, we shall find we have lost the future.’

The process of allowing local people to have a say in what goes up, or stays up, around them sounds fair in theory, though in practice may run into bureaucratic problems and claims of taxpayers’ money ill-spent. There is always the danger of this leading to the lowest common denominator, a tendency seen all too often in the choice of new sculpture for public places. Make the decisions too democratic and you run the risk of eliminating the first rate. There are no easy answers or cures: the barbarians are at the gates and we will have to do something, but quite what remains to be seen. For our parts, as art critics and writers, I will go on promoting the work I regard as worth looking at, and hope that by trying to open people’s eyes some small good will result.

Andrew Lambirth and Sarah Drury, art historians


The Royal Society of Sculptors is an artist-led membership organisation. We support and connect sculptors throughout their careers and are a place for debate and conversation about sculpture today. The Society was created more than 100 years ago to champion contemporary sculpture and the artists who create it. We welcome the debate, which has been given a new urgency by the Black Lives Matter protest, about how Britain’s past is commemorated through public art and who we choose to remember. The Royal Society of Sculptors believes that history should be explored and debated, but not forgotten. Public sculpture is a powerful way to reflect our rich and diverse cultural and artistic history. We urge those in decision making positions to think creatively as they shape public spaces and commission high quality and challenging work that highlights injustices and uncomfortable histories.

Royal Society of Sculptors


Colston Sculptor: John Cassidy (1860-1939)

In all the mealy-mouthed, arse-covering comment about the destroyed statue of Colston in Bristol, the sculptor was somehow forgotten. Art matters, but not when it doesn’t. Compared to the outrage – oh the outrage – of protesters and rioters, the loss of a major piece to a significant sculptor’s oeuvre was not considered, indeed it was unworthy even of mention.

Colston was modelled by John Cassidy, an Irish sculptor from Meath who lived nearly all his life in Manchester having arrived in the then filthy Victorian city as a student. I wonder how different reaction to the statue’s destruction might have been if Giovanni Pisano, John Gibson, Gill or Epstein had made it. Victorian figure sculptors tend to be a blind spot ignored even by thorough art historians. Some provincial sculptors, however, William Goscombe John (1860-1952) in Liverpool for example, are at least as competent as those with bigger names who operated at a larger scale and to greater acclaim in the capital.

Cassidy lived in a modest lodging, had a studio and taught all within a small area close to the School of Art in All Saints, south of the city centre. This was then a poisonous, poverty-infested area described in terrific detail in Mary Barton by Elizabeth Gaskell, who had lived a few doors down from Cassidy’s studio. At this very moment these exact streets were being painted with foggy impressionism by Adolphe Vallette, the Art School’s French head of painting and the teacher Lowry would soon most admire. From 1887 Cassidy taught modelling at the school while exhibiting annually at the Royal Cambrian, Royal Birmingham and Royal Hibernian Academies (he exhibited a modello of the Colston at the RHA in 1898) and was a stalwart annual exhibitor at the Manchester Academy, of which for a time he was Treasurer. There are two fine war memorials by him in Heaton Moor (1921) and Colwyn Bay (above), both single figures. The later one in North Wales is informed in its grittier treatment by Sargeant Jagger’s Sentry war memorial for Watts’s Warehouse, now moved to a hotel lobby on Portland Street, unveiled a few years earlier. Cassidy must have studied it closely.

Over 200 busts of municipal worthies are scattered around north-west town halls. He also carved mythological characters for the listed Midland Bank building on King Street and modelled full-length figures of the patrons of John Rylands Library on Deansgate (Enriqueta Rylands, above). There are, of course, the obligatory royal effigies, including Victoria (like most sculptures of her a mound of jowly, lacy blancmange) and her fat eldest son, both in Whitworth Park next to the gallery and opposite the Royal Infirmary which King Edward had recently opened.

The Colston statue, certainly among his most polished original works, was intended to be paid for by public subscription, which, falling short of the required amount, was made up by “an anonymous gentleman”.

A single man, little is known of Cassidy’s private life and few documents remain. He died in a Whalley Range convent leaving unfinished a half-length carving of Pope Pius intended as a gift for the Mother Superior; he is buried


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in Southern Cemetery.

Sent From Coventry

Part of the Coventry City of Culture fantasy, called Thirteen Ways of Looking, is the contribution of the Herbert Art Gallery. It will pack them in like never before. This is what you’ll find from the 13 artists … “X explores ideologies of gender and cultural dominance, exploring the place of Pakistani women within marital and domestic spaces; X works with pattern and textile, addressing issues surrounding feminism, faith, Muslim women and women of colour; X explores Cypriot cultural displacement which she activates through archives; X expresses colonisation, war, lost histories and identities; X tells the story of a Chinese woman having recently migrated to a Western country; X focuses on the migrant experience, specifically around journeys, environment, storytelling and documentary; X breaks up the exhibition space and “decentres” the spectator from the usual way that the gallery space is utilised; X works in response to the New Cross Massacre – 1981 in which 13 young black people lost their lives in an apparent act of racist violence; X was part of the BLK Art Group, a group producing work that engaged directly with the socio-political issues of the time; X explores the experiences of persons who have left their country of origin and who are now at ‘home’ in another; X explores the experiences of persons who have left their country of origin and who are now at ‘home’ in another; X makes use of the disruptive connotations of collage and montage to 404 Not Found undo the association of the nation with fascism; X explores Black female subjectivities within narratives of the future; through deconstruction and disorder X challenges the way audiences predominantly view and experience art within a white cube space.”

As the head of Coventry’s culture stated, a very diverse collection indeed. Not to mention more exploring than Humboldt.

Change in the Air?

In September Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden sent a letter to 22 public bodies warning them that unless they show impartiality they might lose their public subsidy. He stated: “The Government does not support the removal of statues or other similar objects.” He also advised them that they “should not be taking actions motivated by activism or politics.” The letter was sent to major museums as well as quangos like the Arts Council. With a spending review imminent, the following was an obvious threat: “The significant support that you receive from the taxpayer is an acknowledgement of the important cultural role you play for the entire country,” he wrote. “It is imperative that you continue to act impartially, in line with your publicly funded status, and not in a way that brings this into question.” 

Soon after Dowden’s letter, Baroness Stowell, chair of the Charity Commission, addressed her organisation’s annual meeting. Here are some extracts: “And one of the most important ways in which we will deliver on that purpose is by helping charities and others understand what the public expect of charity and what they value about it – beyond the specific causes which individual charities promote … Being a registered charity carries with it the weight of certain public expectations. And any gap between these expectations and reality risks damaging the standing of charity in the eyes of the public … Charities need to understand that their status is not a badge that once gained grants legitimacy in perpetuity … Because charity is not a bottomless well of goodwill it has to be lived and demonstrated. Not misused for political expediency. So I am determined to ensure the Commission protects the boundaries of charity.”

Dowden and the Baroness might follow up their remarks by looking at the activities of the ICA which we’ve frequently identified here as promoting political agendas which have nothing to do with either their charitable status or art. Despite its atrocious performance the ICA has recently been given a £789,000 bail-out by the Treasury.

The Crocs are Crying Again

The Royal Academy is to shed 150 jobs, 30% of its workforce (it has 371 full-time employees) in order to save £8 million a year. The plague has cost it 75% of its annual revenue. So here is a charity in need of state charity. They’ve applied for a grant from the £1.57 billion culture fund by the Chancellor but haven’t yet heard how much he’s prepared to divvy up. Wouldn’t it be more sensible to wait until they know exactly how much they’ll get before they make threats against jobs? They say that redundancies will affect all layers of the organisation, from the bottom right through to the bit just above the bottom. One obvious solution might be to ask the 130 RAs to pay for their membership as they would in any other Gentleman’s Club. And why not just cut down on the number of RAs, a large proportion of whom are useless and shouldn’t be there anyway. At the moment the most famous and well-heeled artists of the day are the first beneficiaries of this Charity – which in the perverse, topsy-turvy world of State Art is probably considered exemplary. 

Coverage of this story featured in every case the old chestnut that the RA is independent and doesn’t receive any public subsidy … Yes, that lie again. The RA calls itself “privately funded” but lives rent free in a building owned by you and me. But they wouldn’t pay much for a palace on Piccadilly, would they? Palaces in Mayfair? Ten a penny. And neither do they receive anything from the Lottery, which doesn’t count as public subsidy, even though it is. Anyway, it was only £12.7 million. What’s free rent and a handful of peanuts between friends?

The RA has 22 employees earning over £60,000 a year, with six of these earning more than the Director of Tate Britain. It has £47 million in investments and £98 million in fixed assets. The President is paid £70,000 p.a., the Secretary £180,000 p.a. and the Keeper £50,000 p.a.. The RA’s own collection comprises 990 paintings and 25,000 drawings and prints.

They borrowed £10 million to join the front and back of the building which they have to start paying back in 15 years and on which they pay low interest rates. As soon as this redundancy story emerged it immediately provoked the idea of selling the Michelangelo tondo or other works from their extensive collection that hardly anyone ever sees. It wouldn’t be the first time they’ve flogged stuff in order to live high on our hog for a little while longer. An unnamed RA, doubtless some Trot in a silly hat, was quoted as saying the sale was justified.

Masked Balls

Pre-plague average daily attendance at the British Museum was 18,000. The current daily intake is 2,200. Assuming the average stay is a couple of hours (probably less considering most foreign visitors exhibit interest in virtually nothing other than the advertised crown jewels) and the daily opening is eight hours, at any one time there must be a maximum of 550 inside. Across the entire site, which in square footage probably exceeds by five times the average out-of-town superstore, that represents a far more sparse scattering of visitors than you’d get in, say, Tesco’s where entry is free, easy and unbooked to all-comers.

The DCMS should stop dithering, get a move on and allow museums and galleries to throw open their doors and let visitors take their chances while behaving responsibly. What likelihood is there in any museum or gallery of spending “sustained face-to-face contact with a stranger”? The answer is none. You can’t catch Covid19 from Pericles.

As the Director of the British Museum said recently: “People are like oxygen to the British Museum. We can’t wait to have people back breathing life into the space. The whole point of a museum is to share our collections with people. We need people back, we need their input. People will be able to see the museum in a way they haven’t seen it before.”

That said the BM, being empty, is a better place to visit now than it has been for at least 50 years. Fill your boots while you can.

Not to be Trusted with History

“Active fun and useful experiences.” This, it turns out, is the future of the National Trust whose pictures will be put into store to make room for something, er, ‘more useful’. The NT, which for some Wokeist reason is troubled by its own elitism, rejects accusations of dumbing down to raise cash in order to replenish losses incurred during the lockdown. They have reduced the number of specialist curators from 131 to 80 while, no doubt, introducing expensive consultants to advise on how to attract those who aren’t members and who are otherwise uninterested in our history. Why not just change the name to The Disney Trust: build a Big Dipper at Petworth and snake part of it rattling in a glass tunnel through that unforgettable sculpture gallery? [Don’t be ridiculous. Ed] The Trust’s silly flirtation with contemporary work of a State Art persuasion, which hardly anyone understands, justifies or wants to see, has clearly not had cash registers ringing the anticipated tune.

The NT has promised that they will be “meaningful and relevant for the 21st century.” Oh no not that!