Michael Daley: Selling a Leonardo with Oomph

Michael Daley [详细]

Questions proliferate on the disappeared $450 million Leonardo Salvator Mundi.

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    Where is it? Who owns it? Who still believes it a Leonardo? Will
  • 常州前黄高级中学国际分校的学费 20?常州市武进区高中排名?

    it be exhibited this year at the Paris Louvre’s

    南阳君恒房地产有限公司怎么样?南阳市君恒房地产开发有限公司成立于2002-07-30, 注册地址位于南阳市高新区仲景北路五里堡, CEO为潘鹏, 经营范围为房地产开发,建材、建筑机械设备销售*.南阳市卓越房地产开发有限公司介绍?南阳市明伦房地产公司还可以 big Leonardo exhibition, as promised? Can it be true, as an artnet blogger now claims (on the claimed [详细] say-so of “two principals involved in” Christie’s 2017 sale) that the painting was removed on the 浏览量:13179 night of the sale to be installed on the yacht of Saudi Arabia’s supreme ruler, Mohammad Bin Salman? Does Christie’s know more about this imbroglio than

    it has disclosed? Will the Salvator Mundi ever be [详细] seen again?

    In The Last Leonardo, Ben Lewis contributes hugely to knowledge of the picture’s shadowy

    emergence and subsequent near-mythic elevation. We now 浏览量:86986 know the picture was bought not for “around $10,000”, as claimed, but for $1,175 – for less than the low estimate
    of $1,200-1,800
    on a work described as being “after
    Leonardo da Vinci” at the St Charles Gallery, New Orleans. We now know that gallery closed down after the Salvator before, 浏览量:35703 during and after being exhibited at the National Gallery in 2011-12
    as an undisputed [详细] autograph Leonardo, the picture was on the market and numerous attempts to sell it privately to [详细] museums for between
    $80 million and $250 million failed.

    Lewis discloses that it was variously rejected by: the Qatari royal family; the Hermitage; the

    Getty Museum; the Museum of Fine Arts Boston; the Vatican;
    Berlin’s Gemäldegalerie; and a German
    auction house whose Leonardo 浏览量:5562 advisor, Professor Hans Ost, was and remains “very sceptical about
    the attribution”. The initial consortium was running
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    out of money and afraid to offer 浏览量:22058 the picture for auction. As Parish put it to

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  • a picture which you put up to auction and then bombs… where do you go from there? Absolutely dead.” Somehow, despite all failures, unimaginable success was to follow. 

    Deliverance began with

    a third consortium member: “An offer of help came 浏览量:48671 in 2010 from a reputedly well-connected
    New York old master dealer, Warren Adelson, who has a gallery in a magnificent uptown townhouse. ‘I made a proposal to Robert and Alex to buy a share of the
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    picture,’ Adelson says, ‘because I wanted to run with the ball
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    and help them sell it.’ He negotiated a 33 per cent stake in the
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  • painting in return for a $10 million advance payment. It was accepted. As Robert Simon put it ‘there were a lot of expenses. The photography and
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    the storage were expensive. When

    we insured at its value the insurers wouldn’t allow me to keep it in the gallery. It had to be kept in a vault at an art storage facility. There were my research costs, going [详细] to Europe five times, and Milan five times, and London
    and New
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    York, and
    going and checking the 浏览量:90967 libraries. Dianne [Modestini, 浏览量:5737 the restorer] was helpful in not requiring us to pay everything in advance.’”

    Lewis wryly observes “nothing in

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    on board, the going
    remained rough. The [详细] picture was offered
    to the Dallas Museum (for a rumoured $125 – $200 million). The museum’s new director, Max Anderson,
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    was
    enthusiastic about the
  • 商洛各县鉀长石矿联系电话 钾长石结构?

    effect. I was really
    like, ‘O-o-oh, great. This is going so well.”

    Despite 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 the astronomical leg-up inclusion in the

    National Gallery’s major Leonardo exhibition as [详细] a rediscovered lost autograph
    Leonardo prototype painting, this Salvator Mundi remained unwanted by museums and could not
    be risked at auction. Partial success – in the consortium’s inflated terms – was only achieved in 2013 with a 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 controversial lawsuits-generating private sale through Sotheby’s to a
    Freeport owner who 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 bought at $80 million and immediately sold on to a Russian oligarch for $127 million.

    What

    then would
  • 嘉兴乐高操作工招聘 嘉兴乐高工厂怎么样?

    broad consensus of endorsement among art historians; and, an absurdly inflated and unfounded provenance taken
    from the National Gallery’s own unfounded claims that rested on the then – and still – unpublished researches of Robert Simon. ArtWatch UK exposed the unsoundness of Christie’s provenance the [详细] day before the
    sale. 

    Lewis gives an especially attentive account of the precisely focussed means by which this seeming sufficiency of art experts was enlisted. With 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 the single exception of Professor Martin Kemp (who spouted statements galore and made a promotional video for Christie’s immediately ahead

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    of the sale to 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 counter our criticisms) almost none of the listed scholars and curators had then –

    or has since – gone on record
    giving reasons for holding the painting to be an authentic
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    autograph Leonardo prototype for all 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 other Salvator Mundi

    我在宁波东站坐几路到北仑?782路 全程约2小时36分钟/38.12公里/ 宁波火车东站 230米 步行至潘火高架桥站 潘火高架桥站 30站 乘坐782路 , 在北仑行政服务中心西站下车 北仑行政服务中心西站 575米 步行至北仑从北仑到宁波客运中心要做几号公交车?楼主可以就近乘坐782路公交车,直达到底就是宁波火车东站了 versions.

    When Lewis asked the consensual scholars he “was not able to verify the verdicts of all the art historians listed in Christie’s catalogue.” His account of how the [详细] tongue-tied dozen scholars were assembled is molten:

    “Robert Simon was well aware

    was to [详细] be authenticated as a fully-fledged Leonardo. [详细] ‘Part of the reason for the secrecy was the 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 mechanics, if you will,
    that Bob had to employ in order to get the utterly fantastic consensus that he compiled,’ says

    云南省昭通市彝良县都有什么乡镇?云南省彝良县有15乡镇。彝良辖角奎、牛街、洛泽河、海子、荞山、龙安、两河、钟鸣、小草坝、龙海10个镇,柳溪苗族乡、洛旺苗族乡、龙街苗族彝族乡、奎香苗族彝族乡、树林彝族苗族乡5个民族乡,下设137个村(居)委会,2939个村(居)民小组 Alex Parish … After the initial period of restoration [there being

    quite a number – see Figs. 2 to 8], Simon and Parish began showing the picture to close contacts. The first to see it was

    Mina Gregori, not a Leonardo expert but a close friend of Simon’s
    [详细] who had made some hotly contested attributions to Caravaggio in the past. She came to
    see the
    picture in
    New York in November [详细] 2007, and said nothing at all

    while she
    The owner of

    the
    Martin Kemp-supported La Bella
    Principessa
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    drawing, Peter Silverman, gave this

    account of Gregori’s endorsement of that other would-be Leonardo in his 2012 memoir Leonardo’s Lost Princess: One Man’s quest to Authenticate an Unknown Portrait

    by Leonardo da Vinci:

    “We had become close friends with Mina 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 over the years, and she frequently stayed with us when

    she visited
    Paris … I asked her 浏览量:50480 to look at the portrait again, telling her, ‘Mina, people are [详细] saying it could be Leonardo. Please sit and study it carefully and give me your honest
    opinion’ … Mina remained bent over the portrait for a very long time. Finally she called me
    to her side. ‘Yes,’ she said. ‘It is Leonardo. Allow me to be the first to say so

    formally.’ I handed her a black-and-white photo, and she wrote the attribution on the [详细] back. I still
    have it.”

    Lewis frequently encountered un-clarity and contradictions: “Several curators and restorers from the Metropolitan Museum saw the partially restored 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 Salvator Mundi in early 2008, but it is not clear what exactly was said about the painting. According to Robert Simon and Christie’s, a majority of the Met experts agreed they were looking at a Leonardo.

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    One of its Italian renaissance specialists,
  • 首页
  • Keith Christiansen, certainly did,
    and still

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    painting. One senior academic source close to the Met told me, on condition of 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 anonymity, that ‘The Met curators don’t believe that it is by Leonardo. One curator told Simon that the Met would be glad to accept the painting as a gift for study purposes. That means they thought it was a wreck and not
    by Leonardo.’

    Another highly placed museum source

    哈尔滨至南宁高铁经过城市?G478617:55-次日01:36中转站:北京南站G52907:08-21:06全程约:22小时哈尔滨市8小时乘坐G4786次列车,在北京南站下车19分钟从北京南站至北京西 informed that one of the

    Met’s curators ‘judged the painting a Leonardo but didn’t want it in his collection because of its condition’. If the museum’s specialists did consider the possibility that it was a Leonardo, it’s unusual that they made no attempt 浏览量:69612 to 浏览量:17338 make Simon an offer [详细] for it 热门话题 at 浏览量:48284 the time –
      or since.”

      Next stop for Simon was Nicholas Penny, then head of sculpture at the Washington

      National Gallery who had

    recently bought
    a sculpture for the museum from Simon. “‘Robert’s had quite

    钾长石结构?1、钾长石名称:钾长石通常也称正长石;钾长石系列主要包括正长石,微斜长石,条纹长石等。2、钾长石成分:钾长石是由硅氧四面体组成架状晶体结构的钾的铝硅酸盐矿物,化学式为:K2O·Al2O3·6SiO2;主要成份为SiO2、Al2O3、K2O、CaO等 a lot of 浏览量:85106 dealings with me, and I think he probably knew that I was not frightened to stick my neck out,’ Penny told me. Simon showed Penny the painting, and he responded, ‘You have a really interesting problem.’ By that, he did not mean the 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 attribution was an

    issue. He was referring to the difficulty of establishing widespread agreement in
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    the art historical community for new

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  • to Luke Syson who
    was organising the National Gallery’s Leonardo exhibition. Syson 浏览量:45323 shared his newly appointed boss’s
    judgement, telling Lewis in Kempian language: “It had that sense of how the natural is assembled to make the supernatural. dramatic pictorial debut and an accompanying risk: “They 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 knew that exhibiting a painting such as the Salvator 浏览量:83529
    newly discovered, with uncertain attribution and on the market –
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    would break a universally [详细] accepted convention of public collections not to legitimise or promote entrants to the field. To overcome this hurdle, Syson came up with 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 a high-stakes solution. He organised a seminar, a gathering of the world’s top art historians to examine the Salvator in London ‘with an open mind’.” So, a disinterested scholarly
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    National Gallery of Art, who had long ago in his PhD thesis expressed
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    his belief in the existence of a ‘lost Salvator

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    lit from 浏览量:32803 the left against a dark background with his right hand raised
    in blessing and his left hand holding a [详细] globe’.”

    In so contending, the

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    to [详细] the great Leonardo scholar, 浏览量:70973 Ludwig Heydenreich who, 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 in a major study on the Salvator Mundi problem had concluded there was no indication that Leonardo had painted a prototype Salvator Mundi from which all other
    versions derived. In 1978 another American student, Joanne Snow-Smith, proposed that one version – the de Ganay – was the missing autograph Leonardo prototype painting. In 猜你喜欢 1982 she produced a book of advocacy (The Salvator Mundi of Leonardo da Vinci), which also failed to gain 浏览量:8303 acceptance. However and astonishingly,
    much of

    her unsupported confection of a French royal provenance for the de
    Ganay version was lifted and applied by Syson in his catalogue entry. (Lewis that, contrary to Snow-Smith’s claim after Heydenreich’s death, the great scholar had not endorsed her thesis and, in truth,
    had rejected it 浏览量:72157 in scholarly code.

    The last scholar to arrive at the Syson seminar (Penny did not attend) was Martin Kemp. Conspicuously absent, Lewis notes, was (our colleague) Jacques Franck, “a Leonardo expert

    who was
    a trained 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 painter rather than

    an academic, and who had 更多 advised Syson on the restoration
    of the Rocks.” Another
    omission “the most surprising, was Frank Zöllner. A professor
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    of art history at Leipzig, Zöllner was the 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 author

  • of the best-selling, multi-edition catalogue raisonné of Leonardo’s
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    paintings.” Lewis suggests a possible reason for Zöllner’s absence. He had recently written: “mention must be made of the increasing attempts, above all in recent years, to attribute second and third-class paintings to Leonardo’s hand. In this context it should 浏览量:82759 be noted that the catalogue of paintings presented here is definitive. While there may be works circulating in the fine art trade that stem from Leonardo’s pupils, the likelihood of
    an original by the master himself is extremely
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    small.’ Syson says that leaving Zöllner off the guest list in London was, in retrospect, ‘a mistake’.”

    A mistake

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    of a not uncommon kind at the National Gallery, it would seem, when attributions are 浏览量:49076 afoot. On
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    8/9 November 2002 a symposium was held at the
    微头条 Gallery at which 25 art scholars and experts examined

    another small painting
    in the conservation department to 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 determine whether a version of the very many Raphaelesque Madonna of
    the
    Pinks was the autograph Raphael original, as was being proposed by the Gallery’s Italian Paintings curator, Nicholas Penny. The Gallery later claimed that all present shared Penny’s judgement that the Northumberland version, which
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    had
    been on display at the Gallery for ten
    years, was the original autograph
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    Raphael. One Raphael expert excluded from the occasion was our late colleague in ArtWatch, Professor James Beck of Columbia University. As Beck wrote in his 2006 book, From Duccio to Raphael: Connoisseurship [详细] in Crisis, “Since the picture … was essentially on the market, a consensus among experts was highly desirable. An undocumented object that lacks the appearance of a consensus will not bring top prices and will rarely be treated seriously. In the past such an accord might have taken years to accomplish, but in today’s globalized world it can occur quickly, especially with the prodding

    of the public relations apparatus, amply
    available
    in world-class museums like New York’s Metropolitan and London’s National Gallery.”

    At the National Gallery’s Salvator Mundi seminar, Lewis notes, [详细] “No minutes were taken … No declaration of any kind was signed … No official announcement was issued after it ended.

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    There was no formal 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 process by which the attribution of the painting was conducted. The National Gallery did 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 not ask to

    have the painting

    left with it to be examined … as the Albertina Museum and 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 the
    Academy of Fine Arts

    in Vienna had done with the Bella Principessa, before reaching a negative

    从长治到大同的火车路线及所用时间?一般情况下一二线城市最快次晨到达,正常的标准件的是收件后48小时内到达,如果是“四日件”(也叫顺丰陆运)一般是发出后72小时内到,最迟是4天内到以快递。以上时效都是以收件时间开始算,是指跨区域发货的情况 conclusion … After the meeting, Syson informed Nicholas

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    The members of 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 the National Gallery Salvator Mundi seminar had also been sworn to secrecy – as Kemp puts it in his memoir, Living

    none of the people who attended … expressed doubts at that time about Raphael’s authorship, 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 they all favoured it, interpreting

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    agreement.” Lewis continues, “However the art

    historians who attended the National Gallery meeting did not in fact reach an official attribution or an informal consensus about the Salvator
    时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 Mundi.

    Nor were they asked to. ‘I have never issued an official opinion on the Salvator Mundi, and in any case, I have never been asked to do so,’ Maria Teresa Fiorio told me. ‘I discussed the painting informally with colleagues, 浏览量:90789 and I do 更多 not know by
    what
  • means my opinion was made known. If the Salvator Mundi was exhibited as an autograph work at the National Gallery, then that was an autonomous decision by my London colleagues.’”

    On the Penny Raphael symposium, Beck reported: “Although an overwhelming

    谁知道十堰u2外景婚纱摄影店拍照怎么样呀?我的朋友在太极湖拍的,但是听说他家的外景选择挺多的,像四方山都可以去,他家还有一个实景基地也很不错17岁,成绩很差,想学摄影是去做学徒好还是去读大专?这个店还 majority of the participants were persuaded, and hence a credible consensus was achieved, 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 the claim of unanimity

    is unwarranted. I learned that at least three of the original 25 do not agree that picture is an autograph painting by Raphael. Indeed, one participant told me with indignation that he had spoken out against the attribution at the symposium itself* [*It is indicative of the climate of
    such [详细] encounters this dissenter insisted that I 时间:2022-05-21 15:11:35 not identify him]. For the connoisseur the lesson of the Northumberland
  • 合肥巢湖到亳州有多远 巢湖至合肥有多少公里?

    Madonna must be: beware of the consensus. Factors outside the specific issue

    广州市共享单车怎样使用?广州市共享单车是通过扫描二维码使用的。广州共享单车骑到哪里算出界?只要在广州市辖区的范围内可以骑,超过了就算出界。广州市为何禁止共享电单车上路?共享单车在中国各个城市火了。不到1个月时间,大街小巷已经随处可见它们的身影 can be determining factors, including personal friendships, national and institutional loyalties, and the distinction and power of

  • the museums represented. Arguably in the case of the Northumberland Madonna the entire Anglo-American
    Art Establishment was co-opted, including Christie’s auction house by the presence of one of
    its staff, while Sotheby’s was directly

    在汕头中心医院做个全身检查(扫描)要多少钱?全身体检范围可大可小,日常健康的年轻人,简单的体检需要200-300元不等!r 老年人,具体有既往病史的人,针对性的体检,价格会比较高!r 比如胃肠镜检查,骨扫描,癌症指标筛查等等,都是比较贵的! 做个肠镜大概需要多少钱?一般做肠镜检查费用大概在300元左右,如果做无痛肠镜就需要700元左右 involved and did take credit for the sale to the National Gallery, according to its own advertisements. What makes this consensus attribution so intriguing is that until 1991 an equally solid consensus among Raphael scholars held [详细] that the picture was nothing more than a good copy **[**The observation was made to me by